Beware lest you lose the substance
by grasping at the shadow.

Curriculum Vitae


Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley (2001)
M.Phil. University of Hong Kong (1993)
B.A. University of London (1990)

Academic Employment

Professor, California State University, Chico (2010-present)
Associate Professor, California State University, Chico (2005-2010)
Assistant Professor, California State University, Chico (2002-2005)
Visiting Assistant Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University (2001-2002)

Areas of Specialization


Areas of Competence

Philosophy of Mind
Philosophy of Language
Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Kant
Ancient Chinese Philosophy
Philosophy of Science



Dialogues on Religion and Philosophy [in Chinese], co-authored with Chong-fuk Lau (Chinese University Press, 2016)

The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud, co-edited with Jason Bridges and Niko Kolodny (Oxford University Press, 2011)

Peer-reviewed articles:

"A Normative Account of the Need for Explanation", co-authored with Zanja Yudell, Synthese 192 (2015), pp.2863-2885

"How Fallacious Is the Consequence Fallacy?", co-authored with Zanja Yudell, Philosophical Studies 165 (2013), pp.221-227

"The Cosmic Lottery", International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (2009), pp.155-165

"Internalism about Justification and the Skeptic's Dilemma", Erkenntnis 71 (2009), pp.361-375

"What Williamson's Anti-Luminosity Argument Really Is", Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (2008), pp.536-543

"Meaningfulness and Identities", Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (2008), pp.123-148

"Moore, the Skeptic, and the Philosophical Context", Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (2006), pp.271-287

"The Skeptical Paradox and the Indispensability of Knowledge-Beliefs", Synthese 143 (2005), pp.273-290

"Strawson's Anti-Scepticism: A Critical Reconstruction", Ratio 16 (2003), pp.290-306

"The Problem of Insulation", Philosophy 77 (2002), pp.349-373

"Interpretive Charity, Massive Disagreement, and Imagination", Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (1999), pp.49-74

"To Interpret, or to Be Omniscient", Philosophical Papers 22 (1993), pp.189-198

Book chapters:

"What the Skeptic Still Can't Learn from How We Use the Word 'Know'", in J. Bridges, N. Kolodny & W. Wong (eds), The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud (Oxford University Press, 2011), pp.124-144

Papers submitted

"McTaggart's Overlooked New Argument against the A-Theory of Time"

Works in Progress

"The Argument from Evil, Conspiracy Theories, and van Inwagen's Methodology"

"Necessary Existence and Nothingness"

"The Probability of There Being Nothing"

"The Epistemology of Common Grounds"

Philosophical Interpretations (book manuscript, in Chinese)

Academic Honors

Ralph W. Church Fellowship (1993-94)
Pao Siu Loong Graduate Scholarship (1993-94)
Li Ka Shing Prize (1993) [campus-wide award for best M.Phil. thesis, University of Hong Kong]

Professional Service

Referee for Erkenntnis
Referee for European Journal of Philosophy
Referee for Synthese
Referee for Philosophical Studies
Referee for MIT Press

Teaching Experience

California State University, Chico

Theory of Knowledge
Analytic Philosophy
Philosophical Methods
Introduction to Philosophy
Philosophy of Science
The Meaning of Life
Intermediate Logic
Logic and Critical Thinking

Virginia Commonwealth University

Introduction to Philosophy
Mind and Reality
The Nature of Belief
Modern Philosophy

U. C. Berkeley (Instructor)

Introduction to Metaphysics

U. C. Berkeley (Teaching Assistant)

Theory of Knowledge
Ethical Theories
Philosophy of Language
Philosophical Methods
Modern Philosophy
Individual Morality and Social Justice

Last Update: 8/23/2018